Photograph by Curtis Cartier
THE FUTURE IS HERE: Conductor Wes Swift peers through the doorway of the No. 48.
Ridin' That Train
Anatomy of a railway purchase
By Curtis Cartier
SIERRA NORTHERN Railway Engine No. 48 rumbles slowly down the tacks toward Watsonville. A growling, 125-ton rolling box of steel and fuel, its form or one similar has hauled people and goods along the 32 miles of the Santa Cruz Branch Line railroad since 1881. Beneath it, the tracks and the land at least 20 feet on either side are owned by Union Pacific, as old and imposing a company as you'll find in American business. And until the Cemex cement plant in Davenport closed down in January, Cliff Walters and Wes Swift, the engineer and conductor inside the train, had plenty of work driving loads both north and south of Santa Cruz, their bosses at Sierra making a modest but steady profit while turning over lease payments in cash and services to UP like clockwork.
These days, business is slow, revenues are down and, as most residents have heard by now, the state-funded Santa Cruz County Regional Transportation Commission is ready to spend $19.2 million to buy the rail corridor ($14.2 million for the tracks and property, plus $5 million in repairs). The purchase would boot UP from its landlord role and give taxpayers their very own railroad. It could also furnish the county with a "rail trail" bicycle route running parallel to the tracks—although that would cost anywhere from $32 million to $100 million over and above the rail line purchase price. Supporters of the rail trail, however, are enthusiastically on board with the purchase, considering it the first step toward their goal.
For county residents, the sweet, gooey center of the deal is that their risk is almost nonexistent. The money for the acquisition comes from two California state transportation funds set aside for just such a purpose. Plus, Sierra Northern would cover the estimated $350,000 in annual maintenance costs to keep the tracks in working order.
The RTC expects to pay about $170,000 per year to manage the property, but says revenues from leases, property easements and train car storage will combine to cover most of the cost. Whatever expenses remain the RTC will cover, leaving the cash-strapped county government out of the equation.
For RTC executive director George Dondero, and indeed for the vast majority of county leaders and residents in the know, the rail purchase is a rare slam-dunk deal.
"This is a one-time opportunity," Dondero says. "Owning the Branch Line will offer transportation options to future generations they wouldn't have otherwise."The RTC has to act soon, though. More than half the price tag—$10.2 million—will come from state bond sales stemming from 1990's rail transportation initiative, Prop. 116.
It being 20 years since voters passed the measure, however, the fund is on the verge of expiration, and unless the RTC commits to acquiring the railroad before June 30, the money could be reassigned to another railroad-hungry county. (The other $9 million comes from the State Transportation Improvement Program fund and has fewer restrictions and no looming deadline.) This "use it or lose it" scenario has created a sense of urgency that defies the last 10 years of endless negotiations and political posturing over this same deal.
Now, besides the spirited endorsement of the RTC, the rail purchase enjoys support from the Santa Cruz County Board of Supervisors and the county's Metropolitan Transit District, as well as the Watsonville, Capitola and Santa Cruz city councils and cycling and environmental groups countywide. Barring unforeseen circumstances, transportation commission members will take the purchase one crucial step forward when they vote on the matter May 6 (final approval will come from the California Transportation Commission).
But what will Santa Cruz County residents do with a railroad line? For the foreseeable future: not much.
The Right Track
Back on board Engine 48, Walters and Swift, two sturdy-looking men with more than 50 years of railroad experience between them, keep the speed in check and the intersections clear. The thought of a publicly owned railroad appeals to them. "It'll clean up the tracks, put some more interest in the railway," says Walters, his eyes fixed on the tracks and his hand on the air brake lever.
The rail workers' support doesn't come lightly. Under the contract drawn up by the RTC, Sierra Northern absorbs the bulk of the deal's risk, as it would be responsible for paying track maintenance costs while gambling that freight business will increase and a tourist-shlepping "dinner train" from Capitola to Davenport will succeed.
Should the business plan fail, the company could pull out of the county, leaving the tracks to rust and the RTC with 32 miles of property that used to make money. Even then, however, the RTC could use an age-old option called "railbanking" that would allow it to put off maintenance but maintain ownership until a new train operator is found.
Sierra president Dave Magaw says he's well aware of the risk, but promises his company is "in it for the long haul."
Besides the myriad governmental entities talking up the purchase, perhaps no group is drooling more than Santa Cruz County's cycling community. Their prized Davenport-to-Watsonville rail trail, however, is nowhere in the RTC's current proposal. Nor is passenger service.
Meaningful passenger service such as light-rail, in fact, is estimated to cost hundreds of millions of dollars in track upgrades and expansions and be decades away, if it ever happens. For reference, San Jose's first light rail line cost about $25 million per mile in 1991.
Yet for Micah Posner, head of the green transportation advocacy group People Power, it'll do.
"I feel confident that there will be a [cycling and pedestrian] trail throughout Santa Cruz County," says Posner. "I think passenger service will happen eventually too. The important thing right now is purchasing the rail line."
Not everyone is on board with the rail purchase. A group of Aptos residents, most with property lines that abut the rail corridor, is calling itself the Santa Cruz Coalition Against Recreational Rail and represents perhaps the most vocal opponents of the purchase. Critics accuse it of classic NIMBYism, but fiscal conservatives as well as supporters of widening Highway 1 are standing up to the proposal as well. Martin Bryant, a Santa Cruz resident who lives on Morrissey Boulevard, several blocks from the tracks, says the purchase is just one more example of "government spending gone wild."
"This is just more money being poured down a rat hole," says Bryant. "I believe in widening Highway 1 because it's a capital project. We're putting the cart way before the horse here and we need to step back and re-evaluate."
Members of the county's Metropolitan Transit District are also worried. Though the board officially endorsed the purchase on April 23, the vote was not unanimous, and it came with the stipulation that the RTC promise that no funding would be siphoned from the county bus system's $7.5 million tax-subsidized budget. MTD member and Scotts Valley Vice Mayor Dene Bustichi voted against supporting the acquisition, and as an RTC member, he says he's changed his mind "at least a dozen times."
"The RTC is anticipating that we are going to be getting funds from passenger rail and renting [train car] storage space," he says. "One, those funds have yet to materialize. And two, even if there are funds available, we don't know how much there will be. ... We're buying a rail line that doesn't operate efficiently and doesn't have enough activity to keep it going. We may have the money to purchase it, but do we have the money to maintain it?"
Bustichi's concerns, however, have more to do with the financial well-being of the RTC than of Santa Cruz County residents. As owners of the rail corridor, the RTC would have several crisis-averting options if business tanks. And even if Sierra leaves, the tracks fall apart and a bevy of unanticipated costs arise, the losses would be borne by the state taxpayer-supported RTC, not the local county government.
Whoever ends up with the Santa Cruz Branch Line, most supporters and opponents of the purchase agree that its current use as a minor freight route and a major pedestrian highway for county drunks is a waste of resources.
Whether a local agenda will revitalize the tracks into a legitimate transportation corridor or not, Santa Cruz County residents will likely have decades to decide for themselves.
"I say let the people own it," Swift says on the bumpy 12-mile-per-hour train ride back from Watsonville. "If not now, we could lose it forever."
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